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Sicilily and the Surrender of Italy U.S. Army Center for Military History

Sicilily and the Surrender of Italy

U.S. Army Center for Military History

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This volume, the second to be published in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations subseries, takes up where George F. Howes Northwest Africa: Seizing the Initiative in the West left off. It integrates the Sicilian Campaign with the complicatedMoreThis volume, the second to be published in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations subseries, takes up where George F. Howes Northwest Africa: Seiz¬ing the Initiative in the West left off. It integrates the Sicilian Campaign with the complicated negotiations involved in the surrender of Italy.The Sicilian Campaign was as complex as the negotiations, and is equally instructive. On the Allied side it included American, British, and Canadian soldiers as well as some Tabors of Goums- major segments of the U.S. Army Air Forces and of the Royal Air Force- and substantial contingents of the U.S. Navy and the Royal Navy. Opposing the Allies were ground troops and air forces of Italy and Germany, and the Italian Navy. The fighting included a wide variety of operations: the largest amphihious assault of World War II- parachute jumps and air landings- extended overland marches- tank battles- precise and remarkably succes!lful naval gunfire support of troops on shore- agonizing struggles for ridge tops- and extensive and skillful artillery support. Sicily was a testing ground for the U.S. soldier, fighting beside the more ex-perienced troops of the British Eighth Army, and there the American soldier showed what he could do.The negotiations involved in Italys surrender were rivaled in complexity and delicacy only by those leading up to the Korean armistice. The relationship of tactical to diplomatic activity is one of the most instructive and interesting features of this volume. Military men were required to double as diplomats and to play both roles with skilL